Overview of security of supply
The Finnish model is based on co-operation between the administration and the business community
In a networked society, preparedness requires extensive collaboration among authorities, businesses, and industry organisations.
State and municipal authorities have the statutory duty to undertake measures, such as preparedness plans, to guarantee the continuity of their critical operations amid disruptions and emergencies. Enterprises do not usually have such a statutory duty; the continuity management activities undertaken by enterprises are determined by business requirements, contractual obligations toward customers, and risk management.
Together with the sectors and pools of the National Emergency Supply Organisation (NESO), the National Emergency Supply Agency (NESA) is tasked with integrating the objectives and interests of both society and the business community.
New perspectives are required by globalisation, a networked economy, and technological developments
Finland has many characteristics that are advantageous for the efforts to maintain national security of supply. Among these are abundant natural resources, good food production capacity, advanced welfare and education systems, and a well-functioning infrastructure.
Our national economy is increasingly integrated with the global economy. Globalisation, the networked economy, and technological developments may present new hazards. For this reason, the methodology and tools of preparedness are constantly being developed. In the 2000s, material preparedness was supplemented with an equally important component: operational continuity management, an activity designed to ensure continuity in the operations of organisations and networks that provide critical infrastructure and services.